The Red Fort or Lal Qila is a historical fort in Delhi. It was the residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1857. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan shifted the Mughal empire’s capital from Agra to Delhi in 1638. A new royal palace known as Red Fort (Lal Qila) was constructed. The name Red Fort comes from its massive red sandstone walls. The construction of this monument began in 1638 and was completed in 1648.
The Red Fort has walls extending up to 2.41 km in length with height varying from 18 meters on the river side to 33 meters on the city side. The Red Fort has two main entrances, the Delhi Gate and the Lahori Gate.
There are various monuments in the fort – the Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audiences, the Chatta Chowk, the Khas Mahal, the Diwan-i-Khas, the hammams, the Moti Masjid, the formal garden, the Hayat Bakhsh Bagh, etc. still speak of the Mughal love for architecture and splendour.
The Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from the Red Fort on the Independence Day.
The Red Fort was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
Tips: Best time to visit: November to February
Location: Netaji Subhash Marg
Metro Station: Chandni Chowk
Weekly holiday: Monday
Entry fee: Rs. 10 (Indians), Rs. 250 (foreigners)
Special events: Sound and light show, 6pm onwards in Hindi and English at Rs. 80 for adults and Rs. 30 for children